Do you care about your body? If you do, it won’t take long to understand that you have a fungal infection. When your toenails are infected it will ruin their appearance as well as their health. Do you want this to happen? Obviously, you would not. One of the hardest parts is, identifying the type of toenail fungus that you have. Well, an average percentage of the world’s population is affected by toenail fungus. According to researchers, only a small percentage of fungal infections react to treatments. Other research suggests that a lack of proper toenail care is the cause of many other diseases. So, you should have the knowledge to decide whether you need to seek treatment for fungus. Read this article to get some knowledge regarding toenail fungus.
Different Types of Toenail Fungus
There are different types of fungal infections that people need to know about. Here we go:
Distal subungual onychomycosis- This is one type of fungal infection, and it’s unlikely that you are familiar with this term. However, this can be seen in a section of your toenail and almost near the tip of the toenail. The toenail hardens and becomes yellow.
Proximal white subungual onychomycosis- This can be easily identified because the toenail turns white and splits. A weak immune system(due to reasons like HIV) could be the reason behind it. The cuticle is a great opening for the fungus, and it slowly affects the toenail. Eventually, the affected area could turn a whitish colour.
White superficial onychomycosis- This is an uncommon infection, but still something to look out for. This fungus will attach to the plate of your toenail. Then, it spreads across the surface. Slowly, the toenail will turn crumbly and white.
Candida infection- This is actually an infection that affects the skin, but it can be seen on your toenails as well. This yeast infection attacks the toenail and you will feel the nail start to thicken.
Psoriasis- Again, this is a skin disease, yet, this can be seen on toenails as well. Most people who suffer from Psoriasis will witness it on toenails as well. When a person is affected by this, their toenails will become discoloured, thick, and crumbly.
Skin cancer- If you find a discoloured patch on your toenail it can be a form of melanoma. A black or brown bruise on the nail is usually present in this situation.
Yellow nail infection- This is an uncommon infection that leads to slow-growing yellow nails.
Note- some people get skin diseases confused with toenail fungus, so you should have a clear understanding of the differences.
Furthermore, these are not the only type of toenail infections, yet important ones to be noted. Before you think about the type of fungus, you should know to identify whether it is a fungal infection or not!
How to Identify Fungal Infection?
Of course, there are cosmetic concerns, yet you will also experience discomfort and pain. These symptoms can be augmented by different activities, trimming nails, and unsuitable footwear. As mentioned above, there are many different types of fungi that can affect the nails. Some fungal infections can affect the entire toenail while some others may affect a few parts of the nail. So, it can vary on the type of the fungal infection. Apart from the symptoms that are mentioned above, you will witness these other common signs of fungus:
- A split toenail that is detached at some level from the bed of the nail.
- Odor from infected toenails.
- Thickened toenails.
Sometimes it can be difficult to find whether it is a nail fungal infection or some other disease. The best way to make sure that you are suffering from toenail fungus is to check with a doctor. The doctor will take a closer look at the toenail using a microscope to check for signs of fungal infection. The best decision you can take is to consult a doctor if you find any abnormalities or symptoms.
Who Might Get Affected by Toenail Fungus?
As you know, there are different types of fungal infections, and each has its own treatment. Some fungal infections can be cured. If you belong to any of the following categories, you should be careful not to become a victim of toenail fungus.
- Diabetes patients
- People over 65 years
- If you have poor blood circulation
- If you have the habit of wearing fake nails
- If you swim in public pools regularly
- Have had a previous nail injury
- If there is moisture around the toenail for too long
- If your immune system is weak
There are more points to be added to this list, yet, these categories are most common. According to the study, men suffer from more nail infections than women, and older adults are far more susceptible than children.
To gather the above details
Finally, if you or your family members are facing these symptoms, you should take immediate action. We all have the habit of procrastinating, yet, treatment for any disease should not be delayed. If you want to live healthily, you need to seek immediate treatment for any type of infection, not only toenail fungus.